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Home Page About VI Statistics on People with Visual Impairment

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Statistics on People with Visual Impairment

click here to read the report on Special Topics Report No. 62 "Persons with disabilities and chronic diseases" issued by HKSAR Census and Statistics Department in December 2014

 

1) Number of people with visual impairment

  • There are 174,800, accounting for 2.4% of the total population.

2) Disabilities of people with visual impairment

  • Among 174,800 people with visual impairment, 109,400 people (62.2%) have multiple disabilities
  • Only 65,400 people with visual impairment (37.4%) have single disability.
  • 7,800 persons with seeing difficulty were unable to see at all (4.5%)

3) Sex of people with visual impairment

Male 71,200人 (40.7%)
Female 103,600人 (59.3%)

 

4) Age distribution of people with visual impairment

Age 15 and below 1,300 人 (0.8%)
15-29  3,100 人 (1.7%)
30-39  1,400 人 (0.8%)
40-49  6,200 人 (3.6%)
50-59  14,200 人 (8.1%)
60-64  14,700 人 (8.4%)
65-69  19,500 人 (11.1%)
Age 70 and above  114,400 人 (65.4%)

 

5) Marital status of people with visual impairment

Single 15,400人 (8.8%)
Currently married 89,000人 (50.9%)
Widowed/ Separate/ Divorced 70,400人 (40.3%)

 

6) Educational attainment of people with visual impairment

No schooling/

Pre-primary

51,500人 (29.5%)
Primary 69,500人 (39.8%)
Secondary  40,700人 (23.3%)
Post Secondary Non-degree               4,500人 (2.6%)
Degree                   8,600人 (4.9%)

 

7) Area of residence of people with visual impairment

Hong Kong Island 34,100人 (19.5%)
Kowloon East 48,300人 (27.7%)
Kowloon West 15,600人 (8.9%)
New Territories East 33,400人 (19.1%)
New Territories West 43,300人 (24.8%)

 

 8) Type of housing of people with visual impairment

Public rental housing 74,300人 (42.5%)
Private housing 52,100人 (29.8%)
Subsidised sale flat 26,600人 (15.2%)
Other permanent housing   21,800 人 (12.5%)

   

 9) Acitivity status of people with visual impairment (Age 15 and over, a total of 121,100 people for calculation)

Economically active  17,500人 (10.1%)
Economically inactive

156,000人 (89.9%)

  • Retired persons           125,300人 (72.2%)
  • Home-makers         11,700人 (6.7%)
  • Students                     1,400人 (0.8%)
  • Others                   17,500人 (10.1%)

 

10) Employed person with visual impairment by age

Age 15-29    900人 (5.1%)
Age 30-39 900人 (5.4%)
Age 40-49 3,600人 (21.5%)
Age 50-59 6,100人 (36.5%)
Age 60-64 3,200人 (19.2%)
Age 65-69 800人 (4.9%)
Age 70 and above 1,200人 (7.4%)

 

11) Employed person with visual impairment by sex

Male  10,100人 (60.5%)
Female 6,600人 (39.5%)

 

12) Employed person with visual impairment by industry

Manufacturing  700人 (4.2%)
Construction 2,000人 (11.7%)
Import/export trade and wholesale  1,600人 (9.9%)
Retail, accommodation and food services 3,100人 (18.8%)
Transport, storage, postal and courier services, information and communication and communications 2,100人 (12.6%)
Financing, insurance, real estate, professional and business services  3,200人 (19.3%)
Public administration, social and personal services 3,800人 (23.0%)

                       

13) Employed person with visual impairment by occupation

Managers and administrators, and professionals and associate professionals  5,000人 (29.7%)
Clerks 1,200人 (7.1%)
Service workers and shop sales workers 2,600人 (15.8%)
Craft and related workers 2,000人 (12.2%)
Plant and machine operators and assemblers 800人 (4.7%)
Elementary occupations 5,100人 (30.4%)

                                     

14) Employed person with visual impairment by monthly employment earnings

Less than HK$4,000 2,000人  (12.0%)
HK$,4000 - HK$6,999   2,200人  (13.4%)
HK$7,000 - HK$9,999  4,200人  (25.3%)
HK$10,000 - HK$14,999   2,900人  (17.5%)
HK$15,000 - HK$19,999 1,800人  (10.5%)
HK$20,000 and above 3,600人  (21.4%)

         

 

Remark: "Seeing difficulty" is stated as visually impaired person in Hong Kong Census and Statistics Department report.

"Persons with seeing difficulty”referred to those who had perceived themselves as having long-term difficulty in seeing with one eye or both eyes whether with or without correcting glasses/contact lenses or using specialised visual aids/tools at the time of enumeration, farsightedness, astigmatism and presbyopia were not included.

According to the survey findings, persons with seeing difficulty were classified into three categories as a proxy indicator on their severity of disability:

(i) unable to see at all;

(ii) required a specialised visual aid in order to be able to see; and

(iii) not required a specialised visual aid.